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Types of waves for SQA National 5 Physics

Types of waves

This page covers the following topics:

1. Transverse waves
2. Longitudinal waves

Transverse waves make the particles of the wave travel perpendicular to the direction of energy transfer. Examples of transverse waves include light waves and seismic S waves.

Transverse waves

Longitudinal waves have particle oscillations that are parallel to the direction of energy transfer in the wave. Examples of longitudinal waves include sound waves and seismic P waves.

Longitudinal waves

1

Electromagnetic waves are an example of transverse waves. Name 3 types of electromagnetic waves.

any 3 from: radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays

Electromagnetic waves are an example of transverse waves. Name 3 types of electromagnetic waves.

2

Which of the following lists of waves only contain longitudinal waves?
A) sound waves, seismic P waves, light waves
B) sound waves, seismic S waves, ultrasound waves
C) sound waves, seismic P waves, ultrasound waves

C) sound waves, seismic P waves and ultrasound waves

Which of the following lists of waves only contain longitudinal waves? 
A) sound waves, seismic P waves, light waves 
B) sound waves, seismic S waves, ultrasound waves 
C) sound waves, seismic P waves, ultrasound waves

3

Which of the following lists of waves only contains transverse waves?
A) light waves, sound waves, seismic S waves
B) light waves, radio waves, seismic S waves
C) light waves, seismic P waves, radio waves

B) light waves, radio waves and seismic S waves

Which of the following lists of waves only contains transverse waves? 
A) light waves, sound waves, seismic S waves 
B) light waves, radio waves, seismic S waves 
C) light waves, seismic P waves, radio waves

4

Which part of the electromagnetic wavesโ€™ spectra has the highest frequency?

gamma

Which part of the electromagnetic wavesโ€™ spectra has the highest frequency?

5

A transverse wave is travelling from north to south. What directions are the particles travelling?

east and west or up and down

A transverse wave is travelling from north to south. What directions are the particles travelling?

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