Nuclear reactions

Nuclear fission refers to a nucleus splitting into two or more lighter daughter nuclei. In nuclear fusion, smaller nuclei come together to form a heavier daughter nucleus. Elements heavier than iron tend to undergo fission, while lighter elements tend to undergo fusion. The stability of nuclei of different masses can be visualised using a binding energy curve.

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Decays rarely occur in isolation, with repeated decays occurring until an unstable nucleus stabilises.

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