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# AQA GCSE Maths Graphs and plots Time series graphs are used to represent data collected over time. Scatter graphs use a line of best fit, drawn centrally through the points, to show correlations between variables; extend the line to extrapolate (estimate) values outside the range of data given. Box plots visually display the median, quartiles and interquartile range of a data set against a scale. Pictograms display data using symbols that makes information visually easier to understand and uses a key to show what each symbol presents. Below is an example displaying the number of cupcakes sold each day at a cafe. Histograms are used when class intervals are unequal. Frequency is represented by the area of the bar; the height of each bar is called the frequency density and there are no gaps between the bars. # ✅

Grace measures how far she runs every day for 12 days. What is the range in the distance she runs? # ✅

Max calculates the average monthly temperature for a year:

month, average temperature (°C);
1, 4;
2, 6;
3, 11;
4, 9;
5, 14;
6, 19;
7, 25;
8, 22;
9, 19;
10, 8;
11, 7;
12, 5.

Plot a time series graph with this data. # ✅

The scatter graph shows the science and maths test results for a set of students. What type of correlation does this scatter graph show? # ✅

The scatter graph shows the age of children at a school and how many pets they have. What type of correlation does this graph show? # ✅

Plot a scatter graph with the data from this table:

weekly profit (£), weekly number of donuts eaten;
6500, 25;
6200, 30;
6550, 18;
6700, 10;
6400, 22;
6300, 27;
6300, 21. # ✅

This box plot represents the daily cake sales of a cafe last month; find the interquartile range. # ✅

The cumulative frequency graph below shows the weights of dogs at a pet shop; the lightest dog weighed 1 kg. Construct a box plot of the data. # ✅

This box plot represents the number of siblings each student in a class has. State 2 conclusions you can make from this diagram. # ✅

Carl uses a pictogram to display how many books he’s read in different genres. He wants to have read at least 7 books per genre; for which genres has he completed his goal? # ✅

The number of cakes sold at a bake sale held once a week are shown in this pictogram. Each cake cost £3; which weeks did the bake sale raise more than £20? # ✅

This is a table representing the ages, a, of people who visit a park, use it to construct a histogram: Age (years), Frequency; 5<a≤8, 7; 8<a≤12, 14; 12<a≤16, 9; 16<a≤20, 18. # ✅

This table shows how much exercise, e, a group of students do per week, use it to draw a histogram: Hours of exercise, Frequency; 0<e≤0.5, 5; 0.5<e≤1.5, 15; 1.5<e≤2.5, 20. 2.5<e≤4, 11. # ✅

The number of trees in various parks across the uk is represented in this histogram. Estimate how many parks have 20 trees or less.  Have you found the questions useful?