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AQA GCSE Chemistry Basics of hydrocarbons

Basics of hydrocarbons

This page covers the following topics:

Hydrocarbons are molecules containing only carbon and hydrogen, they are named according to the number of carbons present.

Hydrocarbons

A homologous series is a group of hydrocarbons which all have the same general formula, an example of this is all alkanes have the general formula CnH2n+2 where 'n' is the number of carbons in the chain. Physical properties of molecules change up a homologous series.

Homologous series

When all carbon atoms are bonded to four different atoms, a molecule is considered saturated. Sometimes a carbon atom is only bonded to three different molecules and a double bond forms between two carbon atoms, this is an unsaturated molecule.

Saturated compounds

Isomers are compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulae, meaning they have the same atoms but are arranged differently.

Isomers

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What is the beginning of the name of the compound Cβ‚‚Hβ‚„?

AQA GCSE Chemistry Basics of hydrocarbons What is the beginning of the name of the compound Cβ‚‚Hβ‚„?
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2

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Is the boiling point of a long chained molecule higher or lower than the boiling point of a shorter molecule from the same homologous series?

AQA GCSE Chemistry Basics of hydrocarbons Is the boiling point of a long chained molecule higher or lower than the boiling point of a shorter molecule from the same homologous series?
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3

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Is propane saturated or unsaturated?

AQA GCSE Chemistry Basics of hydrocarbons Is propane saturated or unsaturated?
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4

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Why do unsaturated molecules decolourise bromine water?

AQA GCSE Chemistry Basics of hydrocarbons Why do unsaturated molecules decolourise bromine water?
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5

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Which of these molecules are isomers?

AQA GCSE Chemistry Basics of hydrocarbons Which of these molecules are isomers?
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6

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How many isomers are there of butane? Draw them out.

AQA GCSE Chemistry Basics of hydrocarbons How many isomers are there of butane? Draw them out.
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